Upskilling Pathways – New opportunities for adults

Close to 70 million Europeans struggle with basic reading and writing calculation using digital tools in everyday life Without these skills they are at higher risk of unemployment, poverty and social exclusion. In June 2016, the Commission proposed the setting up of a »Skills Guarantee» to address this challenge. The resulting initiative, now called «Upskilling…


Jobs of the Future: Data Analysis Skills

Jobs of the future. The purpose of this research is to inform workforce planning efforts for jobs of the future—occupations that are predicted to grow over the next 5-10 years. The report, sponsored by the American Statistical Association, covers the supply and demand for data analysis skills, the function and types of employees needed for these…



THE EUROPEAN VOCATIONAL SKILLS WEEK 5 TO 9 DECEMBER 2016 WHAT IT IS ABOUT? Vocational education and training (VET) is evolving in exciting ways all across Europe. The European Commission organises the first European Vocational Skills Week to inspire people to discover and use their talent through vocational training. We want to showcase high-quality VET…


Policies for matching better skills in better jobs

At a seminar jointly organised by Cedefop and the Netherlands EU Presidency on 23 June in Brussels, experts and stakeholders from around Europe discussed policies for matching better skills in better jobs. The event was an opportunity to disseminate to European stakeholders the main findings of Cedefop’s ongoing research on skill mismatch, most prominently the…


Financing adult learning

Cedefop’s database on financing adult learning provides information on design and performance of cost-sharing schemes implemented in EU countries to increase participation and private investment in adult learning.Countries covered: EU Member States (except Croatia)Types of instrument: training funds, tax incentives, grants, vouchers/individual learning accounts, loans, training leave, payback clauses (see glossary). Reference period: 2010-13. The…


Apprenticeship and other dual VET schemes in Spain

In Spain, an integrated vocational education and training (VET) system was regulated by the Organic Law on Qualifications and Vocational Education and Training (Law 5/2002 of 19 June). However, in fact, two different VET subsystems can be distinguished: the initial VET (IVET, leading to diploma) and the vocational training of employment (CVET, leading to professional…


A European quality framework for apprenticeships

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) launched a European quality framework for apprenticeships at a conference on 14 April. Cedefop Director James Calleja praised the initiative saying that the focus on quality emphasises the need for high standards, a professional approach and a relevant context in which learners experience a combination of real work and…

European Alliance

European Alliance for Apprenticeships

The European Alliance for Apprenticeships (EAfA) is a unique platform which brings together governments with other key stakeholders, like businesses, social partners, chambers, vocational education and training (VET) providers, regions, youth representatives or think tanks. The common goal is to strengthen the quality, supply and image of apprenticeships in Europe. Moreover, the first on-line survey…