- Anne Nieminen, HR Assitant
In Finland, some 5% of competence-based qualifications (VET qualification system for adults) are obtained without the learner undertaking any type of formal instruction; instead, workers obtain these qualifications through validation of learning acquired through work experience and other non-formal means (Nevala, 2010). Many other adults obtain partial competence-based qualifications by validating the learning they have gained at work.
- Pierre Lemoine, HR director
Joint Qualification Certificates (JQCs) are pivotal to vocational qualification in France. A JQC is a document issued by professionals certifying that the holder has mastered the set of skills required for a particular activity. JQCs reflect the qualification needs of the corresponding sector and are developed for specific activities for which there is no equivalent degree or professional title. They enjoy sector-wide recognition and are typically proposed by one or more sectoral unions. Their content is developed by joint technical groups composed of social partner representatives. The final decision to create a certificate is taken by the national joint employment committee of the sector, a body responsible for promoting vocational training to meet the needs of changing labour markets. The advantage of JQCs is the speed of the system. It takes three to six months to create a new JQC compared to three to five years to create a new degree with the Ministry of Education. The specifications for a newly created JQC include an updating process to ensure that certificates always reflect the current reality of the activity in the workplace.