In the Basque country the dual vocational training is based on a training and apprenticeship contract. A call for project proposals addressing vocational training centres was launched by decree in January 2014. The dual programme is addressed to public and private schools in the Basque Country educating young people aged 16- 30 years who are enrolled in a vocational training cycle. The dual system of alternating vocational training will be developed through the sharing of training responsibilities between training centres and enterprises. The duration of training in the centre must comply at least with those assigned with each module in the oficial regulation of the IVET system. Students participating in a training and apprenticeship contract will be fully or partly exempt from taking the module FCT. For the full exemption, the duration of the contract shall be at least one year. The project module of the curricula, if any, may take place in the context of working in the company.
In general, the dual projects will include a first course of the vocational training cycle in the training centre and a second vocational training course alternating between the centre and the company. Projects may also be submitted that include a longer duration of the period of alternation, which may involve the inclusion of formative aspects of specialisation required by individual companies or sectors of production.
The projects exceeding one year in duration of the alternating period must beapproved by the Deputy Ministry of Vocational Training. In the year 2013/14 the implementation of dual vocational training has affected 228 students, 198 from cycles of higher IVET and 30 from the intermediate level, 111 centres from the public sector and 117 from the private sector. 181 companies have cooperated in the programme that has covered 16 specialties.
The Basque experience can be regarded as mainly school-based apprenticeship (in the strict sense) available for students at ISCED levels 3B (upper secondary education and ISCED level 5b (tertiary education) and is therefore, within the scopeof the study.