Financing adult learning

Cedefop’s database on financing adult learning provides information on design and performance of cost-sharing schemes implemented in EU countries to increase participation and private investment in adult learning.Countries covered: EU Member States (except Croatia)Types of instrument: training funds, tax incentives, grants, vouchers/individual learning accounts, loans, training leave, payback clauses (see glossary). Reference period: 2010-13. The…


Apprenticeship and other dual VET schemes in Spain

In Spain, an integrated vocational education and training (VET) system was regulated by the Organic Law on Qualifications and Vocational Education and Training (Law 5/2002 of 19 June). However, in fact, two different VET subsystems can be distinguished: the initial VET (IVET, leading to diploma) and the vocational training of employment (CVET, leading to professional…



Apprenticeships are a particularly successful form of work-based learning, which is based on the following principles: Apprenticeships are part of formal education and training programmes and lead to a nationally recognised qualification; Apprenticeships combine company-based training (periods of practical work experience at a workplace) with school-based education (periods of theoretical/ practical education in a school…


A European quality framework for apprenticeships

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) launched a European quality framework for apprenticeships at a conference on 14 April. Cedefop Director James Calleja praised the initiative saying that the focus on quality emphasises the need for high standards, a professional approach and a relevant context in which learners experience a combination of real work and…

European Alliance

European Alliance for Apprenticeships

The European Alliance for Apprenticeships (EAfA) is a unique platform which brings together governments with other key stakeholders, like businesses, social partners, chambers, vocational education and training (VET) providers, regions, youth representatives or think tanks. The common goal is to strengthen the quality, supply and image of apprenticeships in Europe. Moreover, the first on-line survey…