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The European framework for key competences

The European framework for key competences for lifelong learning, released at the end of 2006, identifies and defines the key abilities and knowledge that everyone needs in order to achieve employment, personal fulfilment, social inclusion and active citizenship in today’s rapidly-changing world. The framework includes competences in ‘traditional’ subjects, such as mother tongue literacy, numeracy,…

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The European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET)

The European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) aims to give people greater control over their individual learning experiences and make it more attractive to move between different countries and different learning environments. The system aims to facilitate the validation, recognition and accumulation of work-related skills and knowledge acquired during a stay in…

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European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)

ECTS makes teaching and learning in higher education more transparent across Europe and facilitates the recognition of all studies. The system allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions, greater student mobility and more flexible routes to gain degrees. It also aids curriculum design and quality assurance. Institutions which apply ECTS publish their…

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Qualifications frameworks in Europe: an instrument for transparency and change

Qualifications frameworks in Europe: an  instrument for transparency and change  National qualifications frameworks are central to European objectives,  but are becoming equally important for achieving national aims  Qualifications are increasingly important for finding a  job and essential for building a career. How  qualifications are classified and ranked is going  through some major changes influenced by…

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Analysis and overview of NQF developments in European countries. Annual report 2012

Cedefop’s fourth annual report on developments in national qualification frameworks (NQFs) in Europe confirms that these frameworks are considered a key way of making qualifications easier to understand and compare within and between countries. It has also found that such frameworks are increasingly used to encourage changes in education and training. For instance, during 2012…

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European Qualification Framework

European Qualifications Framework – a bridge between national qualifications systems The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is a common European reference framework. It acts as a translation grid which links countries’ qualifications systems/framework. It covers qualifications at all levels and in all sub-systems of education and training (general and adult education, vocational education and training as…

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